Right from the beginning of Luke’s two volume work (Luke-Acts), he has faithful, devoted Jews, Anna & Simeon offer prophecies about Jesus. By Gospels’ end, the prophecies are fulfilled. Early in the Acts of the Apostles, in the verses omitted in our 1st reading, Gamaliel, a wise Jewish leader and member of the Sanhedrin offers advice, a prophecy that will be fulfilled by the end of Acts.
People coming to believe, folks who are ill finding hope and healing, those disturbed by unclean spirits finally finding peace; these powerful signs accompanied the apostles. The miracles attracted attention, led people to want to know more, touched hearts, and paved the way for faith to be planted and to grow. The Holy Spirit working today is little different. Something stirs the heart of people to give faith a chance, Jesus becomes real for them, and they are added to the number of the faithful. Folks who are sick find hope and healing in God’s love and mercy.
Two nouns. Or, could be a noun and a verb. Apostle // Witness. Apostle means one sent. For us, one sent to share the good news of Christ coming into the world, his life-giving ministry, and the transforming power of his life, death and resurrection. Witness, as a noun, is quite similar: one who has seen the events, the power, the explosion of God’s grace in the ministry of Jesus, and in the Paschal mystery.
Matthew Kelly’s great book suggests many ways to get to know Jesus better. Here is another. Spend time with the Songs of the Suffering Servant in Isaiah. The book of Isaiah includes four poems, Servant Songs, and today we hear the third one. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of this week we will hear the other three at Mass. Who is the suffering servant? Many Jewish scholars see these passages as referring to the nation itself. Some see them as prophecies about the Messiah. Under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the apostles and evangelists recognized Jesus in these powerful poems.
I did it before, and now I am doing it again, even more gloriously! Isaiah wanted the people to make the connection. God had led their ancestors out of Egypt and into freedom, opening a way through the sea. The return from exile was not just a stroke of great fortune – it was the power of the same God, returning them home after their sins and failures brought them into exile. At the Easter vigil, we will hear a beautiful rendition of Miriam’s song at the sea, praising God for the deliverance from Egypt.
For the guardians of tradition and authors of the scriptures, Israel’s time in Egypt came to represent alienation from God. The first Passover, in flight, represented escape from slavery. The Passover we hear in our 1st reading today is the culmination of events, God’s promise of freedom fulfilled. From alienation and slavery, to a time of testing in the desert; finally, freedom in the Promised Land. Think of folks in our world today, oppressed by the slavery of violence and conflict. Pray they may experience a first Passover, escape from a life that has become untenable.
“I am who am.” A fascinating name. One held with tremendous reverence. In respect for our Jewish sisters and brothers, who believe that the Divine name is too holy to be spoken, recently the church has asked that we not use the name ‘Yahweh’ in the liturgy. Songs like “Yahweh is the God of our salvation” are out. But there is more to this reading. Moses has a mission that is central to God’s plan, and the process begins as any healthy relationship does – God shares who he is: I’m the God of your fathers. I’m the one who has heard the cry of the people.
Any robust religion includes sacrifice in some form or another. Self-centeredness and self-absorption are the enemies of spiritual growth, and a living relationship with God, however we understand God. Sacrifice can open us up to God in a powerful way. Our first reading includes a complex animal sacrifice that surely seems strange to us, but in the world of Abram, would not have seemed nearly so strange – animal sacrifices, even trances and visions were part of the warp and woof of the religious world view.
It’s not hard to figure out – for a parish to exist, to have a church in which to gather, ministries for worship, education, pastoral care, and the many other facets of parish life, there needs to be financial support, and the primary way that happens is through the Sunday offering. But our 1 st reading today makes it clear – it isn’t just about human practicalities, it is about divine worship. Why take up the collection when we do? During Mass there is a logic to the flow of our prayer. We gather. We acknowledge our need for mercy.
Was it the hour of incense, or was some other service taking place when Isaiah received his call? Quite possibly. Certainly the backdrop of his hearing God’s call is the Temple; the description is so vivid, we can almost see the incense rising, the room shaking, the embers on the altar, the carved Seraphim coming to life. Awareness of God’s presence, a sense of call can come in many different ways. The prophet Samuel’s experience was auditory – hearing God call his name. Isaiah’s experience is conveyed to us in visual terms.